A security loan, also called a secured loan. It is a loan from a bank or other financial institution where, in return, the creditor can sell what is offered for security if the loan is unpaid. A collateral loan is often offered at a lower interest rate than an unsecured loan because there is a guarantee of repayment if the borrower defaults on the loan.
A collateral loan can use different things to secure the loan. Often people use stocks or bonds to establish a collateral loan. They can use their ownership in properties where part of perhaps a home, or a piece of land, is created as security. If the borrower defaults, he must sell the property to repay the loan and the lender has the right to sell the property, even if only part of the full value belongs to them. In these cases, a lender will sell the home and give the former the funds that are not offered on collateral.
A collateral loan can also be based on expected collateral, as well as the expected return on a harvested crop, or on an investment. Occasionally one can use property as highly valued jewelry as security or other highly valued goods. It is rare, as most security loans are based on paper assets, or on real estate.
If the given security falls in value and the borrower defaults, he or she will still be responsible for repaying the amount of security previously assessed. For example, a person borrows $ 100,000 on a home of the same value. If the home falls in value, say to $ 75,000, the borrower must still pay the full amount dictated by the terms of the collateral loan. If a borrower has defaulted on the security loan, his or her home will be sold. However, the borrower will still owe the lender $ 25,000. This may require the borrower to sell more assets or enter bankruptcy.
In most cases, people will not lend to the full value of a possession held as collateral to avoid the circumstances described above. Instead, the security loan is usually only part of the full value of a possession, or of paper trading as shares and bonds. People with a variety of high value goods, properties or shares and bonds can of course get greater security in loans. But with a loan, it is best to borrow only what you need as the interest rate will still mean a higher payback time than the actual loan.